About hart syndrome

What is hart syndrome?

Hanhart syndrome is a rare birth defect in which the most obvious signs are a short, incompletely developed tongue (hypoglossia); absent or partially missing fingers and/or toes (hypodactylia); malformed arms and/or legs (peromelia); and an extremely small jaw (micrognathia). A more complete list of other signs frequently encountered may be found below. The severity of these physical abnormalities varies greatly from case to case. Children with this disorder often have some, but not all, of the symptoms. The cause of Hanhart syndrome is not fully understood.

What are the symptoms for hart syndrome?

Any long-lasting or persistent Chest Pain could be a sign of a heart attack, so it's important to take it seriously and call 911 or emergency services if you have chest pain.

What are the causes for hart syndrome?

The exact cause of broken heart syndrome is unclear. It's thought that a surge of stress hormones, such as adrenaline, might temporarily damage the hearts of some people. How these hormones might hurt the heart or whether something else is responsible isn't completely clear.

A temporary squeezing (constriction) of the large or small arteries of the heart may play a role. People who have broken heart syndrome may also have a change in the structure of the heart muscle.

Broken heart syndrome is often preceded by an intense physical or emotional event. For example, an acute illness (such as an asthma attack or COVID-19 infection), major surgery or a broken bone can lead to broken heart syndrome. Anything that causes a strong emotional response, such as a death or other loss, or a strong argument may trigger this condition.

Rarely, use of certain drugs may lead to broken heart syndrome, including:

  • Emergency medications used to treat severe allergic reactions or severe asthma attacks
  • Some medications used to treat anxiety
  • Nasal decongestants
  • Illegal stimulant drugs, such as methamphetamine and cocaine

Always tell your health care provider about the medications you take, including those bought without a prescription. When starting a new medication, talk to your provider about the potential risks and side effects.

How is broken heart syndrome different from a heart attack?

Heart attacks are generally caused by a complete or near complete blockage of a heart artery. In broken heart syndrome, the heart arteries are not blocked, although blood flow in the arteries of the heart may be reduced.

What are the treatments for hart syndrome?

There's no standard treatment for broken heart syndrome. Treatment is similar to heart attack treatment until the diagnosis is clear. Most people stay in the hospital while they recover.

Many people with broken heart syndrome fully recover within a month or so. You'll likely need to have another echocardiogram around 4 to 6 weeks after you first had symptoms to be sure your heart has recovered.


Once it's clear that broken heart syndrome is the cause of the symptoms, medications may be prescribed to reduce the strain on the heart and prevent further attacks. Medications may include:

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • Beta blockers
  • Diuretics
  • Blood thinners if there is a blood clot

Surgeries or other procedures

Surgeries and procedures that are often used to treat a heart attack — such as balloon angioplasty and stent placement or open-heart surgery — aren't helpful in treating broken heart syndrome. These procedures treat blocked arteries, which are not the cause of broken heart syndrome.

What are the risk factors for hart syndrome?

Known risk factors for broken heart syndrome include:

  • Sex. Broken heart syndrome is more common in women than in men.
  • Age. It appears that most people who have broken heart syndrome are older than 50.
  • A previous or current mental health disorder. People who have anxiety or depression may have a higher risk of broken heart syndrome.

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