Select a specific condition below to view its details.
- Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (all)
Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many immature lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (also called acute lymphocytic leukemia or ALL) is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. This type of cancer usually gets worse quickly if it is not treated. It is the most common type of cancer in children.
Normally, the bone marrow m Read More
- Childhood cyclic vomiting
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent, similar episodes of severe nausea and vomiting. An episode may last for a few hours to several days and then is followed by a period of time during which affected individuals are free of severe nausea and vomiting. This alternating pattern of disease and disease-free periods distinguishes cyclic vomiting syndrome from other similar disorders. Also, in cyclic vomiting Read More
- Childhood obesity
Childhood obesity can be managed by following certain therapies and weight-loss programs directed by pediatricians or therapists. 1. Therapy for childhood obesity is determined by your child's age and the presence of underlying medical issues. Treatment usually entails modifications in your child's food choices and amount of physical exercise. In some cases, treatment may entail drugs or weight-loss surgery. 2. Chi Read More
Cystinuria is a relatively common inherited disorder.
The disorder is due to a defect in the transport of amino acids including one called cystine.
Cystinuria features too much cystine in the urine.
Cystine is highly insoluble, precipitates out of solution and forms stones in the urine.
All the signs and symptoms of cystinuria are due to the stones.
The stones ca Read More
- Cysts of the renal medulla, congenital
Renal medulla, congenital also known as Medullary sponge kidney, is a kidney disease. There is no specific treatment for Renal medulla, congenital. It is centered around managing urinary tract infections and kidney stones. 1. The standard treatment for urinary tract infections is antibiotics. 2. Treatment for kidney stones depends mainly on stone size. If the stone is small in size, it shall pas Read More
- Gilford syndrome
Progeria, or Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS), is a rare, fatal, genetic condition of childhood with striking features resembling premature aging. Children with progeria usually have a normal appearance in early infancy. At approximately nine to 24 months of age, affected children begin to experience profound growth delays, resulting in short stature and low weight. They also develop a distinctive facial appearance characterized by Read More
- Helicobacter pylori
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) facts
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacterium that causes chronic inflammation in the stomach and is a common cause of ulcers worldwide
H. pylori causes chronic inflammation (gastritis) by invading the lining of the stomach and producing a cytotoxin termed Vacuolating cytotoxin A (Vac-A); these functions can lead to ulcer formation.
Although many infected individuals hav Read More
- Histiocytosis x
Histiocytosis X, also known as Langerhans cell histiocytosis, is a condition caused by the proliferation of abnormal Langerhans cells. It can occur at any age but is most common in kids younger than 15. It is rare and occurs in 1 or 2 newborns in a million. Abnormal Langerhans cells are dendritic antigen-presenting cells with abnormal proliferation and decreased capacity for antigen presentation. Histiocytosis X is either reactive or neoplastic.
Pediatric hydrocele is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the scrotal sac between the layers of tunica vaginalis. It is either congenital or acquired.
Surgery is the choice of treatment for hydroceles. The options are as follows:
Congenital hydroceles which do not resolve spontaneously require herniotomy. The procedure involves the ligation and excision of patent processus vaginalis.
Hydrocelectomy is a Read More
- Kawasaki's disease
Kawasaki's disease facts
Kawasaki's disease is a syndrome of unknown cause that mainly strikes young children.
Signs of the disease include fever and redness of the eyes, hands, feet, mouth, and tongue.
The disease can be treated with high doses of aspirin (salicylic acid) and gammaglobulin.
Kawasaki's disease usually resolves on its own within a month or two.
Some children with Kawasaki's Read More
- Localized infantile mastocytosis
Mast cells pathologically grow in cutaneous tissue and extracutaneous organs such as bone marrow, liver, spleen, and lymph nodes in various forms of the condition known as localized infantile mastocytosis. 1. Pediatric-onset mastocytosis and adult-onset mastocytosis are the two main age-related patterns in which the disease manifests, and they may differ in terms of clinical symptoms and how the disease develops. Read More
- Pediatric hydrocele
Pediatric hydrocele is an abnormal collection of fluid, in the scrotal sac in male children. A scrotal sac is a bag-like structure that contains testicles. Commonly hydroceles are asymptomatic. However, in severe cases, it may cause discomfort or pain. Pediatric hydroceles are either congenital or acquired.
Congenital hydroceles are those caused by abnormal developments during the fetal stage of life. During the third week of pregnancy, a membran Read More
- Pulmonary rhabdomyosarcoma
A soft-tissue malignancy, in simple terms, is a type of cancer, while common in children, is comparatively rare in middle-aged adults (45+). It is said to be the result of translocation of primitive mesenchymal cells. This transformation occurs when parts of the DNA are swapped from one chromosome to another, and tends to occur at the time of a single cell splitting into two independent ones. Pulmonary Rhabdomyosarcoma Read More
- Thrush and other yeast infections in children
Thrush and other yeast infections in children can be treated with medicated suppositories and prevented at the earliest by following certain precautions. 1. Antifungal drugs: Thrush is easily treated with an antifungal medicine such as nystatin (Mycostatin®), fluconazole (Diflucan®), or itraconazole (Sporanox®). They are available as a syrup or a pill. The antibiotic nystatin is often prescribed for children Read More
- Torsion dystonia
Torsion dystonia has no known treatment. However, there are numerous medical techniques that can be used to alleviate the disease's symptoms. The treatment has to be patient-specific, based on all previous and current medical issues. The doctor who develops the treatment must be intimately familiar with the patient's health and develop a treatment plan that addresses all of the symptoms while focusing on the more chronic areas Read More
- Unconjugated benign bilirubinemia
Normal liver function tests, high bilirubin levels, and genetic testing are all necessary for the diagnosis of unconjugated benign bilirubinemia to confirm the condition. The use of drugs to treat this syndrome is not justified because of how benign and unimportant it is. When using medications that are conjugated by the liver, such as acetaminophen and irinotecan, there is an increased risk of side effects and tox Read More
- Urinary tract infections (utis) in children
Urinary tract infections are a fairly common problem in childhood and may have either a benign course responding to simple antibiotic therapy or be associated with significant disruption in either the anatomy or function of a child's urinary system. This article will focus on UTIs affecting children, with an emphasis on those less than 2 years of age. Because of their more unique and complicated nature, neonatal (less than 28 days of age) UTIs Read More