The following Conditions are related to Facial abnormalities

Select a specific condition below to view its details.

  • Craniostenosis, crouzon type

    Craniostenosis, Crouzon type is a very uncommon hereditary condition. It is a type of craniosynostosis, a condition in which the fibrous joints (sutures) between some of the skull's bones fuse prematurely. The sutures permit the cranium to develop and enlarge in an infant. These bones eventually come together to form the skull. In Crouzon syndrome, the sutures prematurely fuse, potentially changing the shape and development of  Read More

  • Crouzon craniofacial dysostosis

    Risk factors for crouzon craniofacial dysostosis: 1. One of the FGFR genes, usually FGFR2, changes (mutations) lead to Crouzon syndrome. The instructions for making proteins, which are essential to numerous bodily processes, are provided by genes. 2. A gene mutation might result in the production of a protein that is defective, ineffective, or nonexistent. This can have an impact on a variety of body organ s  Read More

  • Dup(5p) syndrome

    Trisomy 5p is a rare chromosomal disorder in which all or a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 5 (5p) appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in cells of the body. Often the duplicated portion of 5p (trisomy) is due to a complex rearrangement involving other chromosomes. These individuals have a variable phenotype depending on which chromosome is involved, the size of the duplication and whether there is loss of material from t  Read More

  • Duplication 9p syndrome

    Chromosome 9, Trisomy 9p is a rare chromosomal syndrome in which a portion of the 9th chromosome appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in cells of the body. The trisomy may involve a portion of the short arm (9p), the entire short arm, or the short arm and a portion of the long arm (9q) of chromosome 9. (Each chromosome contains a short arm known as "p" and a long arm designated as "q.") Evidence suggests that, in many cases, associa  Read More

  • Escobar syndrome

    Multiple pterygium syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder characterized by minor facial anomalies, short stature, vertebral defects, multiple joints in a fixed position (contractures) and webbing (pterygia) of the neck, inside bend of the elbows, back of the knees, armpits and fingers. Multiple pterygium syndrome usually follows autosomal recessive inheritance but can also follow autosomal dominant inheritance.  Read More

  • Faciodigitogenital syndrome

    Aarskog syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disorder marked by stunted growth that may not become obvious until the child is about three years of age, broad facial abnormalities, musculoskeletal and genital anomalies, and mild intellectual disability.  Read More

  • Holoprosencephaly

    Holoprosencephaly is a neuroanatomical malformation of the forebrain or frontal lobe. Impaired signaling between the neural crest and neural ectoderm is the cause of the disorder. it occurs during the period of gastrulation, two or three weeks after conception. Incomplete midline cleavage of the forebrain and craniofacial midline defects are the primary clinical features. Many genetic defects have been attributed to the disease. Nongenetic causes  Read More

  • Roberts sc-phocomelia syndrome

    Roberts Sc-phocomelia Syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive condition where the onset of prenatal growth is carried over into the postnatal period. It is identified with extreme malformations, craniofacial abnormalities, and impaired cognitive development, including cardiac and renal anomalies. A cause of this can be disruptions and changes of the gene situated on the shorter arm (p) of chromosome 8. Cure/medicati  Read More

  • Tcof1

    Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive abnormalities of the head and face area resulting from underdevelopment (hypoplasia) of certain facial structures including the jaw, cheekbones and nearby structures (zygomatic complex). Craniofacial abnormalities tend to involve the cheekbones, jaws, mouth, ears, and/or eyes. In addition to the various facial abnormalities, affected individuals may have ma  Read More