About lobar emphysema infantile

What is lobar emphysema infantile?

Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare respiratory disorder in which air can enter the lungs but cannot escape, causing overinflation (hyperinflation) of the lobes of the lung. It is most often detected in newborns or young infants, but some cases do not become apparent until adulthood. This disorder may be severe enough to cause associated heart problems (15% of cases) or so mild as to never become apparent. Some cases of congenital lobar emphysema may be caused by autosomal dominant inheritance while others occur for no apparent reason (sporadic).

What are the symptoms for lobar emphysema infantile?

Congenital lobar emphysema is characterized by (1) difficulty in breathing or very rapid respiration (respiratory distress) in infancy, (2) an enlarged chest due to overinflation of at least one lobe of the lung, (3) compressed normal lung tissue in the section of the lung nearest to the diseased lobe, (4) bluish color of the skin due to a lack of oxygen in the blood (cyanosis), and (5) underdevelopment of the cartilage that supports the bronchial tube (bronchial hypoplasia).

Congenital lobar emphysema most often affects the upper lobe of the left lung and, less frequently, the middle right lobe. It may cause the lung tissue to be very fragile and to collapse easily.

Experience suggests that the earlier the age of onset of congenital lobar emphysema, the more likely it is that the symptoms will get worse and lung function will degenerate as well.

What are the causes for lobar emphysema infantile?

Congenital lobar emphysema may result from unknown causes or it may be inherited. Many cases are sporadic, (unknown causes) but others are transmitted by autosomal dominant genes.

Genetic diseases are determined by the combination of genes for a particular trait that are on the chromosomes received from the father and the mother.

Dominant genetic disorders occur when only a single copy of an abnormal gene is necessary for the appearance of the disease. The abnormal gene can be inherited from either parent, or can be the result of a new mutation (gene change) in the affected individual. The risk of passing the abnormal gene from affected parent to offspring is 50% for each pregnancy regardless of the sex of the resulting child.

Developmentally, congenital lobar emphysema may be the result of abnormally small air sacs (alveoli) in the lung or an unusual structure of the large airways (bronchi).

What are the treatments for lobar emphysema infantile?

Treatment of congenital lobar emphysema depends on the extent of damage to the lungs at the time of diagnosis. When the lung damage is limited, the disease may not cause any adverse affects. However, if the condition seriously affects the patient's ability to breathe, the usual treatment is the surgical removal (resection) of the affected lobe of the lung or the whole lung on the affected side.

What are the risk factors for lobar emphysema infantile?

About 50% of cases occur in the first four weeks after birth. About 75% of cases are found in infants less than six months of age. This disorder is more common among boys than among girls.

Is there a cure/medications for lobar emphysema infantile?

Different types of lung-related issues, from having holes to unusual enlargement caused due to obstruction of airways, is Lobar Emphysema Infantile.


Depending upon the seriousness of symptoms, treatments and drugs are as follows:

1. Beta-Agonists: This is a long-term therapy suggested for patients suffering from asthmatic symptoms due to lung Lobar syndrome. Inhalers to inhale medicines directly into the lungs
2. Anticholinergics: These drugs help control skeletal muscle contractions and regulate the endocrine system.
3. PDE4 inhibitor: It helps reduce inflammation (swelling) in the lungs and improves their working.
4. Vaccinations for Flu and Pneumonia
5. Surgery for Lung Transplant
6. Protein Therapy to slow Lung damage
7. Oxygen therapy for labored breathing
8. Antibiotics for proper respirations
9. Inhalers for Steroids to control High blood pressure, diabetes, cataracts, and weakened bones. If all these issues stay controlled, the lungs get lower stress levels and accept the treatments offered.


Condition of Lobar Emphysema controlled to reach the advanced level by avoiding exposure to the following:

1. Smoking or Pacific Smoking
2. Dust or exposure to dust fumes
3. Pollution of chemicals, traffic, or of any sort

If it is unavoidable to go to such places or be around, wear proper masks that cover the nose and mouth.

Chest Tightness,Wheezing,Fatigue,Breathing Ailments,Panting on early intervals,Shortness of Breath
The blueness of Lips,Blue Fingernails,Producing Excess Mucus,Chronic Cough,Heart Problems,Holes in Lungs,Collapsed Lungs
Albuterol Inhaler,Salmeterol,Formoterol,Foradil,Ipratropium,Tiotropium,Spiriva,Daliresp

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