About infantile myoclonic encephalopathy
What is infantile myoclonic encephalopathy?
West syndrome is a type of epilepsy characterized by spasms, abnormal brain wave patterns called hypsarrhythmia and sometimes mental retardation. The spasms that occur may range from violent jackknife or "salaam" movements where the whole body bends in half, or they may be no more than a mild twitching of the shoulder or eye changes. These spasms usually begin in the early months after birth and can sometimes be helped with medication. They can also occur rarely in older patients; if this happens, they are called "epileptic spasms" rather than infantile spasms. There are many different causes of West syndrome and if a specific cause can be identified, a diagnosis of symptomatic West syndrome can be made. If a cause cannot be determined, a diagnosis of cryptogenic West syndrome is made.
What are the symptoms for infantile myoclonic encephalopathy?
Decreased muscle tone (hypotonia) symptom was found in the infantile myoclonic encephalopathy condition
The cleft palate repair is done surgically when the child is about 1 to 2 years old.
What are the treatments for infantile myoclonic encephalopathy?
Since the lower jaw is smaller in children with Pierre Robin sequence, teeth crowding is frequently observed.. Orthodontists, pediatric dentists and craniofacial surgeons should work together to monitor dental development.
Is there a cure/medications for infantile myoclonic encephalopathy?
There is no known cure for infantile myoclonic encephalopathy.
While there are medications that can be prescribed to help manage symptoms, there is no cure for the disease itself.
The medications for infantile myoclonic encephalopathy are not approved by the FDA, but they are considered safe and effective. They are also non-addictive and have few side effects. The medications for infantile myoclonic encephalopathy include:
1. Amphetamine salt combo (Adderall): This is a stimulant that can help people with infantile myoclonic encephalopathy stay focused, but it doesn't work for everyone. It can cause side effects like insomnia and anxiety.
2. Clonidine (Catapres): This is a blood pressure medication that can also help with sleep problems caused by the disorder. It can have some side effects like dry mouth and fatigue.
3. Propranolol (Inderal): This is a beta-blocker that can help with heart rate abnormalities associated with infantile myoclonic encephalopathy and may be able to reduce seizures in some people with the disorder when taken as part of their treatment plan.
4. Clonazepam: This medication is used to treat seizure disorders, panic attacks, and anxiety.
5. Diazepam: This medication is used to treat seizure disorders and panic attacks. It may also be used to treat alcohol withdrawal symptoms or anxiety disorders such as a social phobia or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
6. Valproic Acid (Depakene) – This medication is used to treat seizures that are not controlled with other medications; it may also be used to treat migraine headaches when other treatments aren't effective enough or cause too many side effects like drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue or nausea/vomiting (motion sickness).
Convulsions that occur during sleep and wakefulness,Stiffness or clumsiness in the legs or arms (ataxia), Jerks in the arms or legs while awake (myoclonus), which may be associated with loss of consciousness at times,Decreased muscle tone (hypotonia),Seizures that are brief and repetitive (epilepsy)
Encephalopathy (brain disease),Myoclonus (involuntary twitching),Infantile phase (occurs in infancy),Epilepsy (recurrent seizures)